Good insight on Safety Culture from Tom Wojick “The 7 Safety Sins”
They can destroy a safety culture.
Complacency can be defined in a number of ways, but the following excerpt from the investigative report that examined the BP Macondo Well blowout is the most descriptive: “It has been observed that BP’s system ‘forgot to be afraid.’”
When something is new, our brain works hard at converting the task into a habit. Once it does, it doesn’t pay as close attention any longer; it becomes complacent. If the nature of the work your employees perform is routine and redundant, complacency is always lurking.
2. Metric Gluttony
If the content of meetings, particularly safety meetings, is dominated by PowerPoint slides of graphs and numbers and discussions about why you did or didn’t meet your numbers, it’s a sign that metrics and numbers are the priority.
Safety is about the wellbeing of employees. Structure meetings and presentations about people first. Don’t send the message that you care more about the numbers than you do about your employees’ safety and health. The best way to accomplish this is by incorporating safety storytelling into meetings and presentations. If there isn’t a human story behind the metrics, then something is askew.
3. Double Standard
You know, “Do as I say, not as I do.” Managers and supervisors must unconditionally follow and adhere to all safety polices, rules and programs. Nothing is more discouraging to employees and destructive to the integrity and credibility of a safety culture than leaders who don’t fully follow, engage, and participate in the safety culture. In my article, How To Close The We/They Divide, I discuss seven prevention and reconnection techniques to restore credibility.
Managers, supervisors and/or a culture that uses and condones blame and shame as a way to motivate or coerce employees to conform to expectations creates fear, resentment and disengagement. At best, it forces defiant compliant behavior and does not create a positive safety culture.
Cultures that exclusively employ extrinsic motivation tools – e.g. paying for performance – also employ a subtle form of bullying. This makes the assumption that one can be bought. A culture that incorporates regular recognition and appreciation of employees is more respectful and valued by employees.
“We’ve always done it this way and we’ve never had an accident.” Do you find yourself saying this?
Traditions are powerful habits, and if you’ve ever tried to break a habit you know how difficult it can be. A culture is a tapestry of habits that have been sanctioned directly or indirectly. Some traditions are helpful and important, and some are dangerous. The critical element is to not create a culture in which challenging traditions is taboo. Cultures that encourage curiosity and are open to change have a higher chance of avoiding danger.
6. Mental Sloth
I’ve noticed that when a behavior, such as carelessness or distraction, is identified as a factor in an accident or near-miss, the investigation seldom explores the reasons behind the carelessness or distraction.
I suspect one reason for this is there is subtle pressure to find a cause and complete the investigation. This happens most often in cultures that place a higher value on answers rather than on questions. But curiosity and the desire to explore below the surface are essential in developing a positive safety culture.
Alienation is caused by dishonesty, a lack of concern and trust-breaking behaviors that emotionally and mentally isolate leaders from employees. It is not uncommon for some leaders to believe they are better than their employees and privileged because of their position. This belief, along with a lack of care, creates distance and alienation. Leaders who indulge in this thinking lose the most powerful asset they can possess: The capacity to lead through the power of their presence and authenticity. A positive safety culture is built upon a foundation of healthy, caring, respectful, and trusting relationships among all coworkers.
A Warning Sign
Just as the original Seven Sins were meant to warn and inform people of their human inclinations and frailties, The Seven Deadly Sins of a Safety Culture should also be interpreted as warning signs: Leaders and employees who ignore or deny their existence will create the circumstances and increase the potential for an unfortunate and tragic event to take place.
For proof, look no further than the investigative reports on the BP Deep Water Well Explosion, the Upper Big Branch mines disaster and the GM ignition switch failures. In these instances, ignoring one or more of The Seven Deadly Sins of a Safety Culture created the circumstances for the deaths of 70 employee and customers.
Breaking bad habits is not easy. The first step is to be aware of the habits and create opportunities for open and honest dialogue throughout the organization. Every culture is susceptible to The Seven Sins. The question is: Are you willing to be proactive in ridding your culture of these dangerous behaviors and starting anew?